Announced yesterday by the French President and taking over from the Recovery Plan, the France 2030 Plan aims to allow France to regain its environmental, industrial, technological, health and cultural independence and to position itself in leader in strategic sectors.
Focused on industry and innovation, it has an envelope of €30 billion from borrowing on the financial markets and which will be used to pursue ten objectives by 2030 to produce better, live better and better understand.
Five objectives for “Better Production”
Better production means producing with fewer greenhouse gases and respecting biodiversity. For this, five objectives have been determined.
Objective 1: to develop small, innovative nuclear reactors in France with better waste management
The France 2030 Plan plans to reinvest €1 billion in the nuclear sector to be at the forefront of technological innovation, improve its safety while reducing costs and reduce waste.
Objective 2: become the leader in green hydrogen
The France 2030 Plan aims to make France the leader in carbon-free hydrogen in terms of the assets it has in this sector (nuclear, cutting-edge research, recognized players and a fabric of start-ups and dynamic entrepreneurs). Thus, by 2030, the objective is the implementation of 2 gigafactory of electrolysers, to massively produce hydrogen and to develop all the technologies necessary for its use. In parallel, a investment of more than 500 million euros is foreseen in the disruptive technologies for producing green energies.
Goal 3: decarbonize our industry
The need for massive investments for the decarbonization of French industry implies a commitment by the public authorities to avoid relocations and to support the digitalization and robotization of this sector. More than €8 billion will be invested to achieve these objectives.
Goal 4: produce nearly 2 million electric and hybrid vehicles
In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector, the Government intends to increase the conversion of the current vehicle fleet to electric vehicles. This is supported by an industrial strategy and the development of disruptive technologies, both for vehicles and their batteries. The goal is to produce nearly 2 million electric and hybrid vehicles by 2030.
Objective 5: manufacture the first low-carbon aircraft
Still with a view to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector, the Government wants the first low-carbon aircraft to be produced in France. In total, €4 billion will be invested in the transport sector of the future (Objectives 4 and 5).
Three objectives for “Better Living”
To increase the quality of life in France, the Government has set three objectives.
Goal 6: invest in healthy, sustainable and traceable food
The agricultural and agri-food sectors need to adapt in order to produce more food with increased quality while ensuring food security. The need to continue the decarbonisation of these sectors and preserve biodiversity also requires additional efforts. For this, the France 2030 Plan will see investments of €2 billion, including equity, in the digital, robotic and genetic transformations of the agricultural and agri-food sectors.
Objective 7: produce 20 biopharmaceutical against cancers, chronic diseases including those related to age and create the medical devices of tomorrow
The France 2030 Plan aims to put the French health sector back among the best by investing in it €7 billion which will be devoted to the development of personalized medicine, more predictive, innovative and based on a stronger industrial capacity. Quantum computing, artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things will be mobilized with the aim of developing at least 20 biopharmaceutcials against cancers, emerging diseases, and chronic diseases, including those related to age, and to create the medical devices of tomorrow in France.
Objective 8: to position France once again at the forefront of the production of cultural and creative content.
The Government intends to stimulate private investment in order to boost the cultural and creative production sector (construction of studios, training, etc.).
Two objectives to “Better understand”
The France 2030 Plan aims to better understand space and the seabed by achieving two objectives.
Objective 9: take our full part in the new space adventure
Recent technological accelerations, transformations of uses and geopolitics in the space field mean that France is repositioning itself and innovating in this area. To this end, the France 2030 Plan aims to achieve several short-term objectives including the development of reusable mini-launchers, micro or minisatellites, constellations of tomorrow and technological and service innovations that will be at the heart of this new space.
Objective 10: investing in the seabed
The last objective is to invest in the seabed to better understand how it works and evaluate the possible applications that could be made of it (access to rare materials, innovations in the field of health, etc.).
Conditions for the success of these objectives
The conditions for the success of these objectives were also set out by the President:
- securing access to materials (development of the circular economy, consolidation of the wood sector, massive imports, disruptive innovations to find alternatives)
- securing access to electronic components (investment of €6 billion)
- mastering digital technologies (public investments targeting quantum computing, cyber and cloud developments to secure the most important bricks)
- accelerating the training on the 10-year future sectors (investment of €2 billion)
- investing in the industrialization of disruptive innovations (target of 100 industrial sites per year with a public investment of €5 billion, including €3 billion in equity).
The France 2030 Plan will be launched in January 2022 with the commitment of 3 to 4 billion euros dedicated to the quick realization of the first investments, while its governance must be finalized by then.